托福听力高频词汇固定搭配归纳

时间:2021-01-20 12:51:20

托福听力考试中有一些固定的词组常会反复出现,虽然看似简单但其实考生对这些词汇词组并没有掌握彻底,很多时候都是一知半解反而更容易导致扣分。今天小编给大家带来了托福听力高频词汇固定搭配归纳,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

托福听力高频词汇固定搭配归纳

1.anything but

听力原句:

Librarian:Oh, well I guess you might think that. But when I saw it backthen it was anything but boring.

语境释义:并不;一点也不

注:近似词组nothing but意为“只不过是”,例如:It's nothing but a joke.

2.in such short notice

听力原句:

Student:Hi, thanks for seeing me in such short notice.

语境释义:如此仓促

3.in person

听力原句:

Manager: Right, the choir. It’s nice to finally meet you in person. So, youare having problems with...

语境释义:亲自,当面

4.high-end

听力原句:

Pro: Ok, basically they have to offer things that most people can findanywhere else, you know quality, that means better exercise equipment,high-endstuff, and classes-exercise classes may be aerobics.

语境释义:高端的

5.drive…home

听力原句:

Therefore, it’s best to be a non-conformist – to do your own thing, notworrying about what other people think. That’s an important point. He reallydrives this argument home throughout the essay.

语境释义:把(论点、问题等)讲得透彻、明白

6.goof off

听力原句:

Student: I went off to the stack and found some really good material for mypart, but when I got back to our table, they were just goofing off and talking.So I went and got materials for their sections as well.

语境释义:游手好闲,混日子

7.go down the drain

听力原句:

Student: I know, but I didn’t want to risk the project going down thedrain.

语境释义:前功尽弃,付诸东流

8.start from scratch

听力原句:

Student: But we’ve got all the sources and it’s due next week. We don’thave time to start from scratch.

语境释义:从头开始

9.come down to

听力原句:

It’s been shaped by constraints over vast stretches of time, all of whichcomes down to the fact that the best foraging strategy for beavers isn’t the onethat yields the most food or wood.

语境释义:归结为

10.open spot

听力原句:

I am afraid we don’t have any openings at lunch time. A lot of studentswant to work then, so it is really rare for us to have an open spot at that timeof day.

语境释义:职位空缺

11.not necessarily

听力原句1:

Well, design doesn't necessarily include things like sculptures ordecorative walkways or… or even eye catching window displays, you know art.

听力原句2:

Professor:That’s another possible reason although it doesn’t necessarilyexplain other behaviors such as eating, drinking or sleeping.”

语境释义:不一定,未必(不是“不需要”或者“不必要”的意思!)

12.be at odds with

听力原句:

They try to fit in with the rest of the world even though it’s at odds withtheir beliefs and their identities.

语境释义:与…相违背、相冲突

注:在听力中该短语会有连读,要多听。

13.lesser-known

听力原句:

Employee:You are lucky to have professor who includes the lesser-knownwriter like her on the syllabus, you know, not the usual authors we’ve allread.

语境释义:不知名的

14.pros and cons

听力原句:

I mean no one really thinks that, say a bee goes through weighing the prosand cons of pollinating this flower or that flower.

语境释义:权衡利弊,仔细斟酌

15.in a different light

听力原句:

Student: I mean... Being a waiter, I get to see a lot of the professors,like in a different light, we joke around a little you know. In the classroom,they always have to be pretty formal, but …

语境释义:从不同的角度,从另外一面

16.low key

听力原句:

Pro: Oh, that's very thoughtful of you, Eric, but it will be low key,nothing flashy. That's not her style.

语境释义:低调的,不张扬的

17.common denominator

听力原句:

There are variations on this model of course, but the common denominatorsare always an idea of creating a shopping space that will get people to shop inthe city without needing their cars.

语境释义:共同点,共性

注意:denominator本意为“分母”

18.tongue in cheek

听力原句:

But if you took away all the DNA that codes for genes, you still have maybe70% of the DNA left over. That’s the so-called JUNK DNA. Though the word junk isused sort of tongue in cheek.

语境释义:半开玩笑地

19.pull them from thin air

听力原句:

To begin, how do we create fictional characters? We don’t just pull themfrom thin air, do we? I mean we don’t create them out of nothing.

语境释义:凭空捏造

20.touch base

听力原句:

Advisor: Hi, Steven I schedule this appointment, cause it has been a whilesince we touched base.

语境释义:联系,进行接触

托福听力日常突破练习

1.Summary

Summary指的是“概述,大意”的意思,具体指的是我们在听到一篇听力材料后所进行的概括。这并不需要我们听懂材料的每一个细节,但是却能够抓住说话人的思路和框架。这个训练对于托福听力至关重要,因为托福听力,尤其是讲座,并不需要我们听懂每一个细节,更重要的是教授讲课的思路和全文的重要细节。很多同学听完一篇听力材料时,问他听到了什么,他只能说出一个又一个零散的单词,这是远远不够的。

练习summary的方法很简单,就以托福听力的讲座为材料,一边听一边记笔记,录音结束,然后自己根据大脑的记忆和笔记进行全文重点内容的英文复述,然后再反复,直到练到可以将一篇讲座顺畅的复述出来为止。这样练上几十篇,你对把握听力材料整体的能力就会有极大的提高。

2.Dictation

Dictation,也就是听写,它指的是将一篇听力录音中的原文全部听抄下来。为什么要进行听写?因为它是听力提高最有效的方法。为什么听写是听力提高最有效的方法?因为它能将一个人听力中所有细枝末节的问题都暴露出来,然后订正,全部解决掉,这样自然最有效率,也最深刻。那么对于准备托福考试的考生而言,最好的听写材料是什么?是老托的lecture。为什么老托的lecture是最好的听写材料?因为新托是老托的延续,老托和新托在题材、词汇,和难度上都大致相当。当然,如果基础比较薄弱的同学,可以先花一个月的时间将新概念第二和第三册的美英版先听写完,然后再来听写老托的lecture,这样会更加磨刀不误砍柴功。

3.Intensive listening

Intensivelistening,指的是精听。我所说的“精听”,并不只是指全神贯注地听,当然,这是必须的。我所说的“精听”步骤如下:(1)一边听一边看着原文,手上拿着笔,划出自己不认识或似曾相识但反应不过来的词;(2)录音结束,开始查生词,写在原文的旁边,只需要写这个单词在这篇文章的意思就可以;(3)将这篇材料当阅读文章快速精读一遍,彻底看懂;(4)再一边看着原文,一边放录音,并且嘴上跟读,反复几遍,一直听到可以不看原文彻底听懂为止。

精听的材料可以有很多,但我最推荐的是SSS(Scientific American’s Sixty-secondScience),因为它非常短,只有一分钟,但信息量很大,更重要的是,它是托福听力出题的重要来源。按照上面的步骤,将SSS的2008年全集(总共250篇)全部精听完,你的听觉反应速度、听觉词汇量,以及知识面都会质的提高。

4.High-quality extensive listening

High-quality extensivelistening,指的是高质量的泛听。泛听不用像精听那样每个细节都得突破,只需要把握住整体的语流,听懂说话人的大概意思就可以。而高质量的泛听,指的是必须全神贯注的听。泛听的“泛”并不指态度的懒散,而是针对整体的要求。

泛听最佳的材料有两个:一个是NationalGeographic(国家地理),另一个是Discovery(探索)。看到时候,一定要有英文字幕。每天看一集,养成习惯,会有极大收获。

5.Challenging materials

Challengingmaterials,意思是“有挑战性的材料”,指的是备考托福听力,平时听力练习的最高难度一定要超越考试难度,这样在考试的时候才会有居高临下的感觉,稳定地取得好成绩。挑战性的材料有这么几类:第一,美国大学上课的课堂录像或录音,现在很多美国大学已经将自己大学的许多教授的课堂录像放在了互联网上,这是一个极佳的挑战听力难度的材料;第二,巴朗和Kaplan上的试题一定要做完,另外,如果觉得DELTA上的试题难度低,可以利用变速软件加2倍速来做,这样就会超越考试难度。

6.Subconscious listening practice

Subconscious listeningpractice,意思是“下意识的听力练习”,它指的是我们要自己为自己创造一个英文的环境,比如早晨一起床,我们就打开音箱播放英语,可以是托福的听力材料,也可以是英文广播,也可以是一部英文电影,whatever,只要是英文的就行。

托福听力: 听力笔记注意点

1、不是听写下许多许多内容就可以捉到得分点。有很多人都经历过记了一大堆东西后,发现还是做不对题目,因为得分点的信息往往在记其他无用的东西时被忽略了。这就是把握信息点的问题。关键的问题还是提高记笔记的效能,而不是效率。提高的方法前面已经说过了。所以有人说notetaking到最后记的越来越少,但是正确率越来越高。

2、不要一听到教授开始讲话就赶紧去记录。听的时候要注意内容和主题的密切度,当内容不确定有没有用的时候先记录下部分关键词,并且大脑要有个大致的印象它讲了什么,实在不够时间等后来再补上。

3、做笔记只且只要自己看得懂就可以了。大家做笔记的时候就按自己的思路来做记号和写单词,不完整不正确一点关系都没有,只要自己看得懂。

4、谨慎地查看和使用记录的笔记,特别是只写下只言片语的地方。听力大忌之一是看到选项有与原文相同的字眼就选那个。有人说新T的听力迷惑性大,因为选项往往是原文的同义改写,所以要真正理解了才能选对。



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